Changes of the phenol-degrading bacterial community during the decomposition of submersed Platanus acerifolia leaves

Changements dans la communauté bactérienne dégradant les phénols au cours de la décomposition de feuilles submergées (Platanus acerifolia)

Ramio Pujol, S. ; Baneras, L. ; Artigas, J. ; Romani, A.M.

Type de document
Article de revue scientifique à comité de lecture
Langue
Anglais
Affiliation de l'auteur
UNIVERSITY OF GIRONA ESP ; UNIVERSITY OF GIRONA ESP ; IRSTEA LYON UR MALY FRA ; UNIVERSITY OF GIRONA ESP
Année
2013
Résumé / Abstract
Microorganisms are responsible for the decomposition of plant litter due to their enhanced enzyme capabilities. Among extracellular enzymes, those involved in lignin decomposition are especially relevant in leaf degradation. However, the knowledge of the bacterial contribution to the decomposition of phenol-derived compounds in submerged leaf litter is limited. We have used the large unit of the multicomponent bacterial phenol hydroxylase (LmpH) as a genetic proxy to describe changes in the phenol-degrading bacterial community during the decomposition of Platanus acerifolia leaves in a forested stream. Significant differences were found in the phenol-degrading community when three decomposition stages, initial (day 7), midterm (day 58), and late (day 112), were compared. Estimated Shannon’s diversity values decreased significantly from 1.93 (initial) to 0.98 (late). According to the deduced amino acid sequences and the corresponding theoretical kinetic parameters of phenol hydroxylases, the initial community showed a low degree of specialization, presumably resulting from random colonization of leaves. At the late decomposition stage, the bacterial community became more specialized, and LmpH genes similar to high-affinity phenol hydroxylases of Comamonas sp. and Burkholderia cepacia increased. The observed changes in the bacterial community suggested an active role of bacteria during litter decomposition in aquatic environments.
Source
FEMS Microbiology Letters, vol. 338, num. 2, p. 184 - 191

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