Effects of mixtures of dissolved and particulate contaminants on phototrophic biofilms: new insights from a PICT approach combining toxicity tests with passive samplers and model substances

Effets de mélanges de contaminants dissous et de particulaires sur des biofilms phototrophes: nouvelles perspectives à partir d'une approche PICT combinant des tests de toxicité avec des extraits d'échantillonneurs passifs et de substances modèles

Foulquier, A. ; Morin, S. ; Dabrin, A. ; Margoum, C. ; Mazzella, N. ; Pesce, S.

Type de document
Article de revue scientifique à comité de lecture
Langue
Anglais
Affiliation de l'auteur
IRSTEA LYON UR MALY FRA ; IRSTEA BORDEAUX UR EABX FRA ; IRSTEA LYON UR MALY FRA ; IRSTEA LYON UR MALY FRA ; IRSTEA BORDEAUX UR EABX FRA ; IRSTEA LYON UR MALY FRA
Année
2015
Résumé / Abstract
Streams located in vineyard areas are particularly exposed to mixtures of dissolved and particulate contaminants such as metals and organic pesticides. In this context, phototrophic biofilms are increasingly used as indicators of river water contaminations through pollution-induced community tolerance (PICT) assessments based on short-term toxicity tests with individual or mixtures of toxicants. We conducted a laboratory experiment to evaluate the relative influence of the dissolved and particulate fractions on the effects of metals and pesticides on phototrophic biofilms in a context of contamination from a vineyard watershed. Three sets of artificial channels were supplied with (i) unfiltered water from a stream reference site, (ii) unfiltered water from a stream contaminated site, and (iii) filtered water (0.45 microm) from the same contaminated site. Biofilm growth, diatom community structure, and dissolved toxicant concentrations differed slightly between channels supplied with unfiltered or filtered water from the contaminated site. However, PICT assessments with individual toxicants or mixtures of toxicants extracted from passive samplers suggested no significant difference in tolerance to metals and organic pesticides between phototrophic communities supplied with unfiltered or filtered contaminated water. Our results confirm the use of extracts from passive samplers as a promising approach in short-term toxicity tests to characterize impacts of contamination on aquatic communities.
Source
Environmental Science and Pollution Research, vol. 22, num. 6, p. 4025 - 4036

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