Strategies for sustainable urban development and urban-rural linkages

Stratégies pour le développement urbain durable et liens entre l'urbain et le rural

Nilsson, K. ; Sick Nielsen, T. ; Aalbers, C. ; Bell, S. ; Boitier, B. ; Chery, J.P. ; Fertner, C. ; Groschowski, M. ; Haase, D. ; Loibl, W. ; Pauleit, S. ; Pintar, M. ; Piorr, A. ; Ravetz, J. ; Ristimäki, M. ; Rounsevell, M. ; Tosics, I. ; Westerink, J. ; Zasada, I.

Type de document
Article de revue scientifique à comité de lecture
Langue
Anglais
Affiliation de l'auteur
NORDREGIO STOCKHOLM SWE ; UNIVERSITY OF DENMARK DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORT DNK ; ALTERRA GREEN WORLD RESEARCH WAGENINGEN NLD ; UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURG COLLEGE OF ART OPENSPACE RESEARCH CENTRE ; UNVERSITE PARIS 1 ECOLE CENTRALE PARIS ERASME ; AGROPARISTECH MONTPELLIER UMR TETIS FRA ; UNIVERSITY OF COPENHAGUE DEPARTMENT OF GEOSCIENCES AND NATURE MANAGEMENT ; POLISH ACADEMY OF SCIENCE WARSAW ; UFZ HELMHOLTZ FUR UMWELTFORSCHUNG LEIPZIG ; AUSTRIAN INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY VIENNA ; TECHNISCHE UNIVERSITAT MUNCHE ; UNIVERSITY OF LJUBLJAN DEPARTMENT OF AGRONOMY ; ZALF MUNCHEBERG DEU ; UNIVERSITY MANCHESTER GBR ; SYKE HELSINKI SWE ; UNIVERSITY EDINBURGH GBR ; METROPOLITAN RESEARCH INSTITUTE BUDAPEST HGR ; ALTERRA WAGENINGEN NLD ; ZALF MUNCHEBERG DEU
Année
2014
Résumé / Abstract
An important driving force behind urban expansion is the growth of the urban population. But for Europe, this is not a sufficient explanation. The major trend is that European cities have become much less compact. Since the mid-1950s European cities have expanded on average by 78%, whereas the population has grown by only 33%. In the PLUREL project - an integrated project within the EU’s 6th Research Framework Programme - more than 100 researchers from 15 countries analysed the impacts of urban land consumption at a pan-European level and, through six European and one Chinese case studies, identified how land use conflicts and the pressure towards peri-urban areas can be strategically managed in different development and regulatory contexts. To summarise, the following strategies were identified as important steps towards more sustainable urban-rural futures: (i) better coordination of transport, land use and open space planning; (ii) urban containment and densification – development of a green compact city; (iii) preservation of blue and green infrastructure; and (iv) preservation of agricultural land and the promotion of local production. The need also remains to strengthen governance at the regional level while at the pan-European level there is clearly a need for more policy attention to be given to urban-rural linkages.
Source
European Journal of Spatial Development, 25 p.

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