Prendre en compte les interactions entre alpages et exploitations dans les systèmes agropastoraux : une revue bibliographique

Taking into account the interactions between alpine pastures and farming systems in agro-pastoral systems: a literature review

Nettier, B. ; Dobremez, L. ; Brunschwig, G.

Type de document
Article de revue scientifique à comité de lecture
Langue
Français
Affiliation de l'auteur
IRSTEA GRENOBLE UR DTGR FRA ; IRSTEA GRENOBLE UR DTGR FRA ; INRA UMR 1213 HERBIVORES CLERMONT FERRAND FRA
Année
2015
Résumé / Abstract
Les alpages sont des espaces d’altitude spécifiques, tant par les conditions de milieux et leur usage saisonnier par le pâturage que par leur statut de bien commun ou leur multiusage. Si les alpages disposent d’une certaine autonomie de gestion, les interactions entre alpages et exploitations sont fortes et ne se réduisent pas à une articulation de ressources fourragères pour l’alimentation des troupeaux.
Alpine pastures (also called summer mountain pastures, highland pastures.) can be found in all European mountain regions. These management units present typical specific features: agronomic features (composition, seasonality), agricultural use through grazing during summer, common good status, importance of environmental and heritage issues, multiple non-agricultural use, etc. As a consequence, building a specific analysis framework is necessary to study the articulation between farms management and summer mountain pastures management. In this paper we propose a bibliographic review in order to (1) identify the variety of topics related to interactions between mountain pastures and farm, and (2) analyse the coherence between topics and methodological approaches (systemic approach or not). Most of the papers we analysed deal with articulation of forage resources, linked with technical and economic issues, or in relation with the issue of long-term management of vegetation. Other papers analyse the relationship between the different users of alpine pastures. Research is generally focused on a part of alpine pastures specific features, and rarely consider the interactions between the different farms that use a same alpine pasture. We propose the concept of alpine-pasture-farms system to compensate for this lack.
Source
Productions Animales, vol. 28, num. 4, p. 329 - 339

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