Hydrological response characteristics of Mediterranean catchments: a review
Merheb, M. ; Moussa, R. ; Abdallah, C. ; Colin, F. ; Perrin, C. ; Baghdadi, N.
Type de document
Article de revue scientifique à comité de lecture
Affiliation de l'auteur
IRSTEA MONTPELLIER UMR TETIS FRA ; INRA UMR LISAH MONTPELLIER FRA ; NATIONAL COUNCIL FOR SCIENTIFIC REMOTE SENSING BEIRUT LBN ; SUPAGRO MONTPELLIER UMR LISAH MONTPELLIER FRA ; IRSTEA ANTONY UR HBAN FRA ; IRSTEA MONTPELLIER UMR TETIS FRA
Résumé / Abstract
This work examines 140 hydrological studies conducted in the Mediterranean region. It identifies key characteristics of the hydrological responses of Mediterranean catchments at various time scales and compares different methods and modelling approaches used for individualcatchment studies. The study area is divided into the northwestern (NWM), eastern (EM) and southern (SM) Mediterranean. The analysis indicates regional discrepancies in which the NWM shows the most extreme rainfall regime. A tendency for reduced water resources driven by both anthropogenic and climatic pressures and a more extreme rainfall regime are also noticeable. Catchments show very heterogeneous responses over time and space, resulting in limitations in hydrological modelling and large uncertainties in predictions. However, few models have been developed to address these issues. Additional studies are necessary to improve the knowledge of Mediterranean hydrological features and to account for regional specificities.
Hydrological Sciences Journal-Journal des Sciences Hydrologiques, vol. 61, num. 14, p. 2520 - 2539