Taxonomic versus functional diversity metrics: how do fish communities respond to anthropogenic stressors in reservoirs?
Métrique de diversité taxonomique versus fonctionelle : comment répondent les communautés de poissons aux pressions anthropiques dans les retenues?
Sagouis, A ; Jabot, F. ; Argillier, C.
Type de document
Article de revue scientifique à comité de lecture
Affiliation de l'auteur
IRSTEA CLERMONT FERRAND UR LISC FRA ; IRSTEA CLERMONT FERRAND UR LISC FRA ; IRSTEA AIX EN PROVENCE UR RECOVER
Résumé / Abstract
Biological indicators are frequently used to assess the effects of anthropogenic stressors on freshwater ecosystems. The structure of fish communities and their response to stressors have been commonly described by taxonomic richness, diversity and evenness. More recently, functional structure of communities has also been suggested to be a reliable indicator of disturbance. This article aimed at testing whether taxonomic and functional diversity metrics can provide comparable or complementary information on the response of fish communities to eutrophication and abundance of non-native species in reservoirs. Comparison of the responses of taxonomic and functional diversities to biogeography, habitat and stressors was made in 112 French reservoirs. Widely observed effects of biogeographic and habitat variables on taxonomic and functional diversities were identified. Taxonomic and functional richness metrics notably increased with lake area and temperature respectively. Taxonomic diversity metrics did not respond to any stressor, while all functional diversity metrics were found to be impacted by non-native species. Eutrophication was further found to decrease the impact of non-native species on two functional diversity metrics: evenness and divergence. Our study therefore reveals that functional metrics are more sensitive than taxonomic metrics to anthropogenic stressors in the studied reservoirs. Still, the multiple linear regressions tested had overall low explanatory power. Further refinements will thus be needed to use this type of metrics in an impact assessment scheme.
Ecology of Freshwater Fish, 15 p.