Genetic monitoring of the stocked Acipenser sturio population in the Gironde Basin

Roques, S. ; Berrebi, P. ; Acolas, M.L.

Type de document
Communication scientifique sans actes
Langue
Anglais
Affiliation de l'auteur
IRSTEA BORDEAUX UR EABX FRA ; UNIVERSITE DE MONTPELLIER ISEM MONTPELLIER FRA ; IRSTEA BORDEAUX UR EABX FRA
Année
2016
Résumé / Abstract
Genetic evaluations in breeding programs of critically endangered species are essential not only to characterize and maintain genetic diversity, but also to improve both effectiveness and monitoring of repopulation. The European sturgeon was the most widespread sturgeon species all over Europe, but its abundance has been drastically reduced to be now on the brink of extinction. Only a single population is surviving in the Gironde-Garonne-Dordogne watersheds (France). The last known natural spawning occurred in the Garonne in 1994. Presently, a sturgeon restitution program has been launched to build up a broodstock and repopulate the French rivers. In this study, a microsatellite multiplex assay was developed to monitor genetically the relict population actually reduced to 70 captive-wild individuals and to 6 consecutive generations (2007-2013) issued from the breeding program. Our genetic assay proved highly reliable and powerful in relatedness analysis and assignment approaches, and is thus promising to help the conservation-restoration actions of the species. Mains aims include assessing the genetic variability of broodstocks and F1 juveniles, estimating relatedness and effective population size within captive individuals, providing molecular tags for released individuals, and evaluating survival in recaptured individuals according to the parents used and the zone of stocking. Here, we will present the obtained data and their usefulness for discussing suitable strategies for the genetic management and conservation of this almost extinct species
Congrès
Workshop Post-release monitoring strategies in sturgeon restoration programs and World Sturgeon Conservation Society General Assembly, 06/04/2016 - 06/04/2016, Bordeaux, FRA

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