Towards the review of the European Union Water Framework management of chemical contamination in European surface water resources

Vers la révision des stratégies européennes de surveillance de la contamination chimique des eaux de surface, dans le cadre de la directive cadre sur l'eau

Brack, W. ; Dulio, V. ; Agerstrand, M. ; Allan, I. ; Altenburger, R. ; Brinkmann, M. ; Bunke, D. ; Burgess, R.M. ; Cousins, I. ; Escher, B.I. ; Hernandez, F.J. ; Hewitt, L.M. ; Hilscherova, K. ; Hollender, J. ; Hollert, H. ; Kase, R. ; Klauer, B. ; Lindim, C. ; Lopez Herraez, D. ; Miege, C. ; Munthe, J. ; O Toole, S. ; Posthuma, L. ; Rudel, H. ; Schafer, R.B. ; Sengl, M. ; Smedes, F. ; Van de Meent, D. ; Van den Brink, P.J. ; Van Gils, J. ; Van Wezel, A.P. ; Vethaak, A.D. ; Vermeirssen, E. ; Von der Ohe, P.C. ; Vrana, B.

Type de document
Article de revue scientifique à comité de lecture
Langue
Anglais
Affiliation de l'auteur
UFZ HELMHOLTZ CENTRE FOR ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH LEIPZIG DEU ; INERIS VERNEUIL EN HALATTE FRA ; STOCKHOLM UNIVERSITY SWE ; NORWEGIAN INSTITUTE FOR WATER RESEARCH OSLO NOR ; UFZ HELMHOLTZ CENTRE FOR ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH LEIPZIG DEU ; RWTH AACHEN UNIVERSITY DEU ; INSTITUTE FOR APPLIED ECOLOGY FREIBURG DEU ; U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY USA ; STOCKHOLM UNIVERSITY SWE ; UFZ HELMHOLTZ CENTRE FOR ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH LEIPZIG DEU ; JAUME I UNIVERSITY CASTELLON ESP ; AQUATIC ECOSYSTEM PROTECTION RESEARCH DIVISION ENVIRONMENT CANADA BURLINGTON ONTARIO CAN ; MASARYK UNIVERSITY BRNO CZE ; EAWAG DUBENDORF CHE ; RWTH AACHEN UNIVERSITY DEU ; EAWAG EPFL DUBENDORF CHE ; UFZ HELMHOLTZ CENTRE FOR ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH LEIPZIG DEU ; STOCKHOLM UNIVERSITY SWE ; UFZ HELMHOLTZ CENTRE FOR ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH LEIPZIG DEU ; IRSTEA LYON UR MALY FRA ; IVL SWEDISH ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH INSTITUTE GOTHENBURG SWE ; ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY DUBLIN IRL ; NATIONAL INSTITUTE FOR PUBLIC HEALTH AND THE ENVIRONMENT RIVM BILTHOVEN NLD ; FRAUNHOFER INST MOL BIOL AND APPL ECOL IME SCHMALLENBERG DEU ; UNIVERSITY KOBLENZ LANDAU DEU ; BAVARIAN ENVIRONMENTAL AGENCY AUGSBURG DEU ; MASARYK UNIVERSITY BRNO CZE ; MERMAYDE GROET NLD ; ALTERRA WAGENINGEN UNIVERSITY AND RESEARCH CENTRE WAGENINGEN NLD ; DELTARES DELFT NLD ; KWR WATERCYCLE RESEARCH INSTITUTE NIEUWEGEIN NLD ; DELTARES DELFT NLD ; EAWAG DUBENDORF CHE ; AMALEX ENVIRONMENTAL SOLUTIONS LEIPZIG DEU ; MASARYK UNIVERSITY BRNO CZE
Année
2016
Résumé / Abstract
Water is a vital resource for natural ecosystems and human life, and assuring a high quality of water and protecting it from chemical contamination is a major societal goal in the European Union. The Water Framework Directive (WFD) and its daughter directives are themajor body of legislation for the protection and sustainable use of European freshwater resources. The practical implementation of theWFD with regard to chemical pollution has faced some challenges. In support of the upcomingWFD reviewin 2019 the research project SOLUTIONS and the European monitoring network NORMAN has analyzed these challenges, evaluated the state-of-the-art of the science and suggested possible solutions.We give 10 recommendations to improve monitoring and to strengthen comprehensive prioritization, to foster consistent assessment and to support solution-orientedmanagement of surface waters. The integration of effect-based tools, the application of passive sampling for bioaccumulative chemicals and an integrated strategy for prioritization of contaminants, accounting for knowledge gaps, are seen as important approaches to advance monitoring. Including all relevant chemical contaminants in more holistic “chemical status” assessment, using effect-based trigger values to address prioritymixtures of chemicals, to better consider historical burdens accumulated in sediments and to use models to fill data gaps are recommended for a consistent assessment of contamination. Solution-oriented management should apply a tiered approach in investigative monitoring to identify toxicity drivers, strengthen consistent legislative frameworks and apply solutions-oriented approaches that explore risk reduction scenarios before and along with risk assessment.
Source
Science of the Total Environment, vol. 576, p. 720 - 737

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