A new web-based system to improve the monitoring of snow avalanche hazard in France

Bourova, E. ; Maldonado, E. ; Leroy, J.B. ; Alouani, R. ; Eckert, N. ; Bonnefoy-Demongeot, M. ; Deschatres, M.

Type de document
Article de revue scientifique à comité de lecture
Langue
Anglais
Affiliation de l'auteur
IRSTEA GRENOBLE SGGR FRA ; IRSTEA GRENOBLE SGGR FRA ; IRSTEA GRENOBLE UR ETGR FRA ; IRSTEA GRENOBLE UR ETGR FRA ; IRSTEA GRENOBLE UR ETGR FRA ; IRSTEA GRENOBLE UR ETGR FRA ; IRSTEA GRENOBLE UR ETGR FRA
Année
2016
Résumé / Abstract
Snow avalanche data in the French Alps and Pyrenees have been recorded for more than 100 years in several databases. The increasing amount of observed data required a more integrative and automated service. Here we report the comprehensive web-based Snow Avalanche Information System newly developed to this end for three important data sets: an avalanche chronicle (Enquete Permanente sur les Avalanches, EPA), an avalanche map (Carte de Localisation des Phenomenes d'Avalanche, CLPA) and a compilation of hazard and vulnerability data recorded on selected paths endangering human settlements (Sites Habites Sensibles aux Avalanches, SSA). These data sets are now integrated into a common database, enabling full interoperability between all different types of snow avalanche records: digitized geographic data, avalanche descriptive parameters, eyewitness reports, photographs, hazard and risk levels, etc. The new information system is implemented through modular components using Java-based web technologies with Spring and Hibernate frameworks. It automates the manual data entry and improves the process of information collection and sharing, enhancing user experience and data quality, and offering new outlooks to explore and exploit the huge amount of snow avalanche data available for fundamental research and more applied risk assessment.
Source
Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences, vol. 16, num. 5, p. 1205 - 1216

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