Flash flood warning methods: how to evaluate them? An application in the French Southern Alps using the AIGA warning method and different rainfall input data.
Méthode d'avertissement des crues éclair : comment les évaluer ? Une applicatio dans les Alpes du sud françaises avec la méthode AIGA et différentes données de pluie
Dimitri, D. ; Javelle, P. ; Arnaud, P. ; Andreassian, V. ; Moreau, E. ; Meriaux, P.
Type de document
Affiliation de l'auteur
CEMAGREF AIX EN PROVENCE UR OHAX FRA ; CEMAGREF AIX EN PROVENCE UR OHAX FRA ; CEMAGREF AIX EN PROVENCE UR OHAX FRA ; IRSTEA ANTONY UR HBAN FRA ; NOVIMET GUYANCOURT FRA ; CEMAGREF AIX EN PROVENCE UR OHAX FRA
Résumé / Abstract
Because it is not possible to monitor every little river tributary, flash floods occur most often on small ungauged catchments. In this case, the development and the evaluation of a flood alert system are a real challenging issue, since no data is by definition available to validate results at the scale of interest. To try to solve this problem, the use of additional information simply saying “this area were flooded or not” can be of great help. By comparing on a continuous period (and not only for pre-identified events) the alerts emitted by the tested warning procedure and the damages locally reported, it becomes possible to get a more objective picture of the usefulness of the warning method. The application presented in this communication concerns the evaluation of the AIGA flash flood warning method (Javelle et al, 2010, doi:10.1016/j.jhydrol.2010.03.032) carried out on a 10 000 km2 mountainous area located in the South-East of France (region of Nice). Different rainfall input data (interpolated raingauges network and different radar rainfall products) are compared. The evaluation is carried out for the 2008-2010 period, using both gauged hydrological stations (15 stations) and flood damages reports made on ungauged locations by local authorities. The interest and limit of using this last data is discussed. The interest of using X-band radar data in mountainous areas for flood alert is also investigated. This work is accomplished with the financial support of the RHYTMME project, funded by the European Union, the Provence-Alpes-Cote d’Azur Region and the French Ministry of Ecology. The X-band radar data used in the study were provided by NOVIMET in the framework of the Interreg FRAMEA and CRISTAL projects.
European Geosciences Union General Assembly 2011, 03/04/2011 - 08/04/2011, Vienna, AUT