Impacts that cause the highest direct mortality of individuals do not necessarily have the greatest influence on temperate eel escapment
Les pressions qui génèrent le plus de mortalité ne sont pas nécessairement celles qui impactent le plus l'échappement des anguilles
Mateo, M. ; Lambert, P. ; Tétard, S. ; Drouineau, H.
Type de document
Article de revue scientifique à comité de lecture
Affiliation de l'auteur
IRSTEA BORDEAUX UR EABX FRA ; IRSTEA BORDEAUX UR EABX FRA ; EDF R&D HYNES CHATOU FRA ; IRSTEA BORDEAUX UR EABX FRA
Résumé / Abstract
Temperate eels are three panmictic catadromous species with a long period of oceanic passive larval drift and large distribution areas in contrasting environments. Spatial patterns of life history traits have been observed, and are correlated with environmental gradients, and may arise from both adaptive phenotypic plasticity and genetic polymorphism. This raises the question of the effect of spatially heterogeneous anthropogenic pressures on these populations. In this context, we used Geneveel, an individual-based optimization model that includes both phenotypic plasticity and genetic polymorphism, to explore the effects of different kinds of anthropogenic pressures: glass eel and silver eel fisheries, obstacles to upstream migration, and turbine mortality. More specifically, we analyzed the effects of these pressures on five output variables: the number of escapees, the proportion of females, the proportion of slow growers, the mean length-at-silvering and the resulting egg production. Our results suggest that phenotypic plasticity could act as a compensatory mechanism that mitigates the effects of some pressures (glass eel fishery and obstacles to upstream migration) and could be a source of resilience for the population, while other pressures did not show any compensatory effect (silver eel fishery and turbine mortality). Therefore, global impacts are very hard to assess, and the pressure that kills the most individuals does not necessarily have the biggest impact on the spawning biomass.
Fisheries Research, vol. 193, p. 51 - 59